Professional GIS Certification
Professional certification is important to the GIS field as it helps establish GIS as a true profession, ensures those who produce geographic information have competency in a core set of knowledge and skills, encourages long-term professional development, and promotes ethical behavior by members of the profession. For individuals, successful certification may improve advancement opportunities, result in higher compensation and greater career mobility, and greater recognition from employers and colleagues.
It is important that GIS practicioners understand the difference between programs and organizations offering certification, licensure, accreditation, and certificates (from the GIS Certification Institute (GISCI)):
- Certification - a process, often voluntary, by which individuals who have demonstrated a level of expertise in the profession are identified to the public and other stakeholders by a third party. Designed to recognize expertise.
- Licensure - the granting of a license to practice a profession; often regulated by states and indoctrinated in legislation and designed to guard against incompetence.
- Accreditation - the process of evaluating the academic qualifications or standards of an institution or program of study in accordance with pre-established criteria.
- Certificate - an award given to an individual recognizing completion of an academic or training program. For example, K-State offers two GIS certificate programs: Undergraduate Certificate in GIS and Graduate Certificate in GIScience.
Currently, there are three major avenues for obtaining professional certification and each is unique. Differences among them are summarized below. Both the GIS/LIS and GISCI certifications below also have a professional experience requirement.
- ASPRS GIS/LIS Certification Program - sponsored by the American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, GIS/LIS Certification is based on an examination using questions from the allied sciences of photogrammetry, remote sensing, surveying, earth science, and physics.
- Esri Technical Certification - certification is exam-based, offered at both the Associate and Professional levels, and reflects competency using Esri technology.
- GIS Certification Institute (GISCI) - an independent institute supported by representatives from national and international GIS professional organization, GISCI Certification was initially portfolio-based and required demonstration of 'contributions to the profession'. Effective July 1, 2015, all professionals applying for their initial GISP Certification will be required to take and pass the GISCI Geospatial Core Technical Knowledge Exam.